Accessibility

The goal of this WordPress theme is to be as accessible as possible for users of all abilities and every effort has been made to accomplish that goal. While not perfect, we’re committed to constant improvement and updates as new information and technologies become available. But we are not able to automate all aspects of accessibility, so as a content editor in this theme we’ll need your help with this goal in the areas below.

Learn more about accessibility on the web and for technology by visiting accessibility.wfu.edu.

Image Alt Text

Every photo that adds meaning to the page should be given concise meaningful Alt Text. Alt Text should briefly convey the contextualized message of the photo, which makes the meaning of the image available to more users, including those using assistive technology such as screen readers. Ensuring the meaning of images is conveyed via Alt Text aligns with the Americans With Disabilities Act.

This phrase or sentence only needs to be a short phrase that conveys the message of the photo in its context. It should not duplicate nearby document text. Images that do not convey meaning and are purely decorative should be left blank. The W3C has produced a decision tree to help you decide if an image is truly and purely decorative or has meaning.

Video Closed Captioning

Ensure that all videos added to your site, such as from YouTube, Vimeo, or Kaltura, (and shared on your University account) are accessible for all users, including those with disabilities, by having closed captioning available.

YouTube and Kaltura will add automatic captions to all videos and you can go back and make corrections to reach quality accurate captions. Alternately, CER has recommendations for many professional captioning resources. Check out the PDC class Introduction to Captioning: Make your videos more accessible and get your audience more engaged with captions to learn more about captions.

Using Good Heading Structure

Headings levels (H1, H2, etc.) should be used to organize sections and subsections in a nested format similar to an outline. Using good heading structure with proper nesting, and not skipping levels, makes your content more organized and navigable for those using assistive technology, like screen readers. Tools provided to help maintain a good heading structure are explained on our Heading Block page. Headings also have different visual appearances, which signal content changes for visual engagement. The main page title of your WordPress page will receive an H1, thus, all content should begin with H2.

Color Contrast

Color Contrast warning example

Website visitors with certain visual disabilities can struggle to perceive content on the page if there is not enough color contrast between the content and its background. Our default theme colors have been tested to be WCAG 2.1 AA compliant but the editing freedom of this theme allows users to create non-compliant combinations.

However, the theme will show a warning in these circumstances, it is the user’s responsibility to resolve these warnings and maintain an accessible experience for all website visitors.

PDFs

PDFs are often extremely problematic for users who navigate using a keyboard or screen reader. Please consider building your PDF content in a web page or Google Doc if possible. Contact Wake Forest’s Technology Accessibility team for help in creating more accessible PDFs if your project requires them.